13 Important Dimensions You Need To Know Before Designing Your Kitchen

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Kitchen is where you prepare your meal, cook, bake and wash, a place that gives you storage for food and utensils, it has to be well planned, so that all these functions can be carried out without any obstruction. Whether you are designing a new kitchen or remodelling an old space, along with aesthetics, functionality should also be maintained.

Many people overlook the ergonomics of the Kitchen area and get themselves into trouble while movement and carrying out other functions in it.

This is the busiest space in your house and you need to make sure least amount of time and energy is wasted while working in it. There are some standard key dimensions that you must consider before even planning your layout. These dimensions will not only increase the efficiency and comfort, but will also enhance the aesthetics. 

Apply these principles while designing your kitchen to  make your culinary life a lot easier and fulfilling !

1. The work triangle

To use the kitchens in the most efficient way, theory of work triangle was introduced. This imaginary triangle connects three important work areas in the kitchen the cooktop, the sink and the refrigerator. The length of each side of the triangle, or the distance between these three areas should be between 4 to 9 feet. With the application of this triangle, the space between these areas is reduced. Now one can work in the kitchen without any obstruction.

2. Depth of kitchen counter tops

To ensure the convenience while working in the cook area, the standard depth of the kitchen counter tops should be around 24 inches(2 feet). This can also vary depending upon the dimensions of appliances like gas stove.

3. Height of kitchen counter top 

The height of the kitchen counter top should be around 34 inches, as per the Indian demographics. Golden rule for counter top height is around 4 inches less than the elbow level of person who is going to use that area most. The whole idea is to make sure that the person should not feel any strain on their back while working or standing.

4. Distance between counter top and upper cabinets

The standard distance between the countertop and the upper cabinets is 18 inches but this can vary and can go upto 27 inches depending upon what size of tile you are using on the splash back. It is advisable to get your splash back done before installing your upper cabinets to avoid any wastage or cutting of titles.

5. Depth of overhead cabinets

The standard depth of overhead cabinets range between 12 to 15 inches. The upper cabinets are always kept with lesser depth as compared to the lower cabinets, so that any head injury can be avoided while you are working on the countertop. If it’s a microwave cabinet then it’s depth will range from 15 to 18 inches. In case you have a cabinet over a refrigerator then it’s depth will be minimum 24 inches.

6. Distance between stove and chimney

The distance between the bottom of the chimney and the gas stove must fall between 26 to 30 inches. The distance must be in this range only no matter what cooking range you have. If the distance exceeds 30 inches, the chimney will start to be inefficient.


7 .Width of panels of upper and lower cabinet

The foremost thing is to divide the panels equally whether they are upper or lower cabinets. The standard width of double door panels range from 30 to 36 inches and 24 inches for the sliding panels.

8. Height of microwave


According to standard measurement, the bottom of the microwave should not be more than 54 inches from the floor and 13-18 inches from the counter top.  

9. Placement of a Refrigerator

The standard dimension of a refrigerator falls in the range of 30 to 36 inches width, 67 to 70 inches in height, and 29 to 35 inches in depth. For a proper ventilation, make sure there is minimum 2 feet of clearance space between the refrigerator and the walls and also 2 feet above it.

10. Clearance of kitchen sink

These days, mostly sinks comes with a draining board on the one side. Leave at least 36 inches on the other side, so that you can easily dry the utensils after washing. 

11. The prep-area

An ideal space for a prep area or a landing space is 36 inches. This is an enough space where you can do all the food preparation easily. If you lack space, make sure to at least give 18 inches adjacent to your cook top to carry out all food prep functions efficiently.

12. Kitchen Island

A kitchen island is a freestanding counter space usually designed for large kitchen areas. Ideally, a kitchen island should be 4 feet long and slightly more than 2 feet deep. Make sure you have enough space left around it for a smooth movement. Only go for a island if your kitchen space is minimum 8 feet deep and more than 12 feet long. 

13. Kitchen Dimensions of Nooks and Booths

If you have an open kitchen layout or enough space is left in your kitchen corners, then opt for a banquette seating. Create a kitchen nook where you can relax for a bit while doing your cooking chores. The best way to create a cooking nook is to build it as a booth as this requires the lesser space. The minimum size for a booth or nook is 65 inches which can go upto 80 inches as well. 

So, now you know all the standard dimensions an ideal kitchen should have. If you are planning to design your own kitchen, don’t feel skeptical, just follow the size guidelines to make your culinary life lot easier.

By Sanchiitaa Bhatnagar


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